Heinrich Bernhard Christian Osann

Court pharmacist

*19.09.1789 in Saaleck near Naumburg

     † 02.01.1857 in Jena


Heinrich Osann was the son of the pastor from Saaleck Johann Gottlieb Osann.

From 1821, the 31-year-old Heinrich Osann worked as a provisor, i.e., he worked as a manager and administrator for Friedrich Rittler. Rittler had also been provisor to court pharmacist Wilhelmi and had been made a companion by Wilhelmi.

From 1825, both Friedrich Wilhelm Rittler and Heinrich Osann were owners of the Hofapotheke am Markt.

Rittler married the widow Friederike Magdalene Henriette Hülßner; née Fleischhauer, who brought two daughters into the marriage.

In 1827 Heinrich Osann married a stepdaughter of Rittler, Friederike Magdalena Henriette, née Hülßner.

Two daughters are known from this marriage.

1. Wilhelmine Rosalia Caroline Bernhardine (Minna) Osann. She married the merchant and Commerzienrat Ludwig


2. Rosalie Maria Emma Osann, married the council pharmacist Karl August Keydell.

© Ch. Apfel

Paul Uhle (1827-1861)

Physician (Pathologist)


Johann Paul Uhle was born in Nossen on April 17, 1827, the son of the deacon Johann Gotthelf Uhle and his wife Antonie Ferdinande Clementine Flemming.

In 1846 Uhle began studying medicine in Leipzig, where he also joined the local medical society. After completing his studies, he stayed in Leipzig, where he worked as an assistant at the Georgen Hospital from 1851 and received his doctorate in 1852. Until 1859 he was a clinical assistant at the Jacob Hospital in Leipzig. He interrupted this activity between 1856 and 1857 for a stay of several months in Egypt. In 1859 he received a full professorship in Dorpat, which he soon gave up for health reasons.

From 1860 Uhle held the professorship for special pathology at the University of Jena, where he was also director of the medical clinic. He died of tuberculosis on November 4, 1861 in Jena.

© R. Seifert

Carl/Karl Ernst Schmid (1774-1852)

Professor of Law


Carl Ernst Schmid was born on 24 October 1774 in Weimar as son of the city judge and mayor Adam Ludwig Friedrich Schmid (1741-1821) and his wife Ernestine Sophie Auguste, née Jäger (1753-1819).

After studying law at the University of Jena between 1793 and 1796, Schmid took over the editorship of the Bayreuth political newspaper from 1797 to 1804. In addition to his editorial work, he joined the civil service in 1799 - initially in Bayreuth, where he became a criminal councellor in 1803 and a municipal court councellor in 1804 - and from 1807 in Hildburghausen, where he worked as a government and consistorial councellor.

In 1809, Schmid became a full professor of law at the University of Jena. Just one year later, however, he returned to Hildburghausen, where he was appointed vice-president of all higher state authorities (Landeskollegien) in 1811. From 1817 onwards, he was counsellor at the Highest Appeal Court (Oberappellationsgericht) in Jena. At the same time, he worked as an honorary professor and from 1826 as a full professor at the University of Jena. Here he lectured on constitutional, international and private law. Between 1827 and 1846, he was rector of the University of Jena five times, each time for one semester. The University of Jena awarded him three honorary doctorates - Dr jur. h. c. in 1809, Dr theol. h. c. in 1830 and Dr phil. h. c. in 1850.


Schmid had been married to Sophie Friedericke Hänel from Bayreuth since 1803. The childless marriage ended in divorce in 1811. The following year, he married Caroline Sophie Henriette Zehelein (1794-1861), the daughter of the judicial councellor Karl Christian Zehelein. This marriage resulted in seven children. Schmid died in Jena on 28 June 1852.

© R. Seifert

Hermann Ludwig (1819-1873)

Professor of Chemistry


 Johann Friedrich Hermann Ludwig was born on 12 August 1819 in Greussen, the son of master needleworker Christian Ernst Ludwig and his wife Johanna Sophie Christiane, née Holzhausen. After completing his schooling, he took up an apprenticeship with pharmacist Blättermann at the Adler Pharmacy in his home town.

After holding various professional positions in Germany and Switzerland, he enrolled at the University of Jena on 25 October 1844. He passed the state examination as a pharmacist and took up a teaching position for chemistry at the Agricultural Institute of Jena University in 1847. In 1854, Ludwig succeeded Heinrich Wackenroder as associate professor of chemistry and head of the Chemical-Pharmaceutical Institute at the University of Jena. In the same year, he was appointed pharmacy auditor in the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar and Eisenach as well as an associate member of the Grand Ducal Medicinal Commission for chemical and pharmaceutical matters. From 1863 he was also editor of the journal "Archiv der Pharmazie".


Hermann Ludwig had been married to Louise Therese Amalie Nanny Steinert (1832-1900) from Wenigenjena since 1 May 1855. The marriage resulted in several children. Ludwig died after a long illness on 6 January 1873 "at eleven and ½ o'clock in the evening".

On his memorial plaque in the Johannis Cemetery Jena, the date of his death is incorrectly noted as 7 January 1873.

© R. Seifert

Franz Jordan von Ried, Prof. Dr. med.

Surgeon; honorary citizen of Jena since 1882


* Feb. 11, 1810 in Kempten/Bavaria

† 11.06.1895 in Jena


The words of the then Prorector of the University of Jena on the death of Prof. em. Franz Jordan von Ried characterize his work and high reputation in Jena:

" ...The outstanding scientific achievements and the sterling character traits of the deceased do not require my praise, since the former are subject to more competent judgment, the latter are universally known..."


His father, a Royal Bavarian District Court Assessor, often had to change his place of residence for official reasons, among others to Erlangen, where he became a district and city court councilor. Here Franz attended elementary school and high school and passed the Abitur. By this time he was already an orphan, his mother having died in 1818 and his father in 1828.

In the same year he began his medical studies in Erlangen and after a short change to Würzburg he completed his studies in Erlangen in July 1832 and already graduated in September 1832 in Erlangen with the distinction "excellent".

After several assistantships, he passed the medical state examination (today's specialist examination) in Bamberg and Munich in 1835.

In 1846 he was appointed to Jena (professorship of surgery) and in that year he married Katharina Stolz from Erlangen. In the marriage 6 children were born.

Together with Dr. August Siebert, he eliminated the deficiencies at the state hospital and reorganized the clinic.

Franz Ried established the surgical department in Jena, so that the medical patients were separated from the surgical patients. He built an operating room together with August Siebert.

Ried was a member of the Senate in 1846 and Dean of the Faculty of Medicine from 1849-1883.

From 1858 he acted as director of the Surgery and Ophthalmology Clinic together with the Polyclinic of the State Hospital; he also lectured on eye-ear and skin diseases, the University of Jena had no representatives for this. Ried was a proponent of the specialization of medicine and conducted animal experiments in Jena. Franz Ried introduced chloroform and ether anesthesia.

In 1892, he was awarded the title of nobility by the Weimar court, as well as the titles of Geheimer Hofrat (Privy Councillor) and Prof. med. as well as several orders.

Franz von Ried belonged to the university for 49 years as a surgeon and representative of the new generation of physicians who had freed themselves from natural philosophical speculation. He made increasing use of scientific knowledge, e.g. morphine for pain relief, and technical achievements: stimulation current for treatment, the concave mirror for illumination at the operating table, Zeiss microscopes for tissue examination in medical practice.

Franz Jordan von Ried died at the age of 85 and was buried in the family grave next to his wife and two of his six children.

© Ch. Apfel

Georg Johann Meyer

gold- and silversmith, city judge

 * 23.01.1646 in Jena

   † 08.06.1710 in Jena

 Here rests in God

the once noble and wise

Mr. Johann Georg Meyer

well-deserved gold and silver worker here

was born the 23.Jan.1646, married to the Jgfr. Maria Elisabetha gebohrener Krantzin, the 11.Aug.1673 and lived in happy marriage with her no longer than 1 year and 9 weeks and begot with her a daughter Barbara Catharina, of which he lived 5 children.

At the 2nd wedding he married himself the 20. Sept. 1675 with Jgfr. Dorothea drilled Wohlfeltin, was born Ao. 1658 the 20...

with whom he lived in all satisfaction

34 years 9 months and with her 9 children as

7 sons and 4 daughters. He de-

slept blessedly 1710 d. 8. June of his age

64 years 5 months. She died seel.

the 2. July 1724 of her age...


Leich Text. Joh. 5 v. 16 God so loved the world that he

God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not be tempted, but should have life.

be loosed, but have eternal

have eternal life.

© Ch. Apfel

Johann Gräfe

Council chamberlain and master tanner

  * 24.04.1634

      † 30.10.1685

 The oldest baroque tomb in our cemetery.


rests in his

Savior Christ Jesus

Mr: Johann Gräfe

E.E. Wohlw. Rathsober

chamberlain and tanner here

was born in 1634. the 24th of April. Has married

with Fr. Marien gebohrnen Beyerin lived 29 years and

fathered 7. children died

the 30. Octobr. 1685

of his age 51 years.

God grant him a gentle rest and a happy resurrection.

a happy resurrection.

behind: Psalm 57 V 569 "Commit thy way unto the Lord, and hope in Him: for He shall ...

 A few meters to the north is the baroque tomb of


Georg August Johann Gräfe

Master tanner

* 23.12.1700

† 19.11.1781


Grandson of Johann Gräfe (1634-1685), council chamberlain and master tanner;

This tomb contains the bones of Mrs. Barbara Sophia Countess drilled Bohemian, married to Mstr. August Johann Georg Gräfen the 27. Jan. 1735.

She was born the 18. Mart. 1714 and died the 8. Jan. 1781.

Has brought her age to 66 years and 6 weeks .....

[...] of the first tanner Hn. Joh. Gräfens

born Dec. 23, 1700 and died Nov. 19, 1781

brought his age to 80 years 11 months less 4 days.

The then surviving children

Susanna Maria

Johann Christian

Barbara Sophia

Johann Friedrich August.

 Both gravestones were moved to these places only after the construction of the road to Weimar in 1938. The graves were located near the catholic church.

© Ch.Apfel


            Christian Johann W. Beyer

            Brick mill owner;

             * 10.05.1821 in Oberkamsdorf (Traettner estate)

             † 26.12.1885 in Jena

© Foto: Stadtmuseum Jena                

  Lizenz:CC BY-NC-SA 4.0


Widower of Priska Beyer, née Rothe

* 26.07.1834 in Kleineutersdorf

† 15.01.1866 in Jena

and since 1867 in second marriage married to Henriette Maria Ernestine, née Wetzel

* 04.09.1836 in Roschütz/Gera

† 18.01.1902 in Jena


The brick mill got its name from the neighboring brick gate and brick kiln and was given in fief by the sovereign to Heinrich Gramleib and his wife Thele in 1372.

 In the Jena Geschossbuch of 1406 it is mentioned that the next tenant was Albrecht Schleiz/Slouwiez, a Jena councilor. He was mentioned in 1384 as "judge of the court of our lords, the margraves, at Jena".

The brick mill was the first mill to be reached from the town. It was one of the nine mills located on the Leutra River. The ownership of the mill was passed down through generations in the family, as late as 1526 Christina Schleiz is mentioned as a feudal lord.  The brick mill was both a flour and oil mill.

Several changes of ownership followed until 1583, when Professor Matthias Köhler /Colerus bought and renovated the mill. From his heirs, the brick mill was acquired around 1616 by Professor Johann Gerhard. The importance of the Gerhard family in Jena at that time also led to the fact that the brick mill was also named "Gerhardsmühle". After the death of his widow, the mill and other property were bequeathed to his children and grandchildren.

Further sales to different owners followed.

In 1852 the owner of the brick mill was Ernst August Beyer. On October 1, he handed over the mill and fields to his brother Christian Beyer for 11,000 thalers.

In 1871 the old brick mill fell victim to a fire, but was rebuilt.

When Christian Beyer died in 1885, his son Gustav Beyer succeeded him as owner. But with the construction of the Mühltal water pipeline came the end of the Leutra mills. Gustav Beyer tried to continue operation by converting to steam operation in 1894. However, this proved to be an uneconomical venture, and operations were discontinued altogether.

© Ch. Apfel

Friedrich Ortloff (1797-1868)


Legal Practitioner


Friedrich Ortloff was born on 10 October 1797 in Erlangen as son of the shoemaker and later professor of philosophy Johann Andreas Ortloff (1769-1828) and his wife Anna Elisabeth Sophie, née Dürr.


In 1803 the family moved to Coburg, where Ortloff attended grammar school from 1809. On 4 May 1814, he enrolled as a law student at the University of Jena. He continued his studies in Göttingen in 1815 and in Erlangen in 1815/16. In Erlangen he also received his doctorate in philosophy in 1816 and his doctorate in law in 1818.


In September 1819 Ortloff was appointed professor of law at the University of Jena. At the same time he was an associate judge at the Jena Schöppenstuhl until 1825. From 1826 he worked at the Higher Appeal Court (Oberappellationsgericht) in Jena, initially as a non-academic councellor and later, by decree of 15 March 1844, as its president. From 1826 to 1844 he also gave lectures as an honorary professor at the University of Jena. In the 1840s and 1850s he was involved in the drafting of numerous laws, including the Civil Code for Saxony.

Friedrich Ortloff died on 10 October 1868 in Jena. He was married in his first marriage to Amalie Stark (1800-1833) and in his second marriage to Christine Caroline Louise Stark (1805-1883). He left behind four children from his first marriage, three children from his second marriage and his second wife.

© R. Seifert

Ignaz Franz Xaver Schömann (1807-1864)



Ignaz Franz Xaver Schömann was born in Wetzlar on May 9, 1807, the son of the jurist Franz Joseph Constantin Schömann and his wife Charlotte Reinhard. After attending grammar school in Weimar, he began studying medicine in Jena in October 1826, earning his doctorate there in 1832. He then worked as an assistant doctor at the Jena state sanatoriums. His habilitation followed in 1835. He then worked first as a private lecturer and from 1837 as an associate professor in Jena. In the course of his work at the university he gave lectures in pharmacology, surgery, bandaging techniques and ophthalmology. From 1839, Schömann was also a city and public health officer. In 1846 he was appointed full honorary professor. From April 1859 he was also director of the insane asylum in Jena.

Schömann wrote several medical textbooks, including a "Textbook of Pharmaceutics". During his life he repeatedly undertook educational journeys that took him to numerous German cities as well as to London and Paris. During a trip to Cologne, he died there on September 16, 1864 as a result of a stroke.

© R. Seifert