Adolf Bernhard Christoph Hilgenfeld


* 02.06.1823 in Stappenbeck

† 12.01.1907 in Jena


Adolf Bernhard Christoph Hilgenfeld was born as the oldest son in Stappenbeck/Altmark. His father was the local pastor, his mother the daughter of the school rector in Salzwedel. He grew up in a respectable Protestant environment.

His uncle and later father-in-law taught him in the grammar school in Salzwedel. After graduating from high school in 1841, he studied theology in Berlin according to his father's wishes, and there he came into contact with Hegel and Schleiermacher. Due to lack of money he continued his studies in Halle.

In 1945 he passed the final examination there and in May 1846 he defended his doctorate with the dissertation topic: "On Spinoza's System".

Hilgenfeld was perceived as stubborn and unfit for life by the people around him.

The University of Jena was considered the most intellectually free for theologians, so he went there and submitted his habilitation thesis to the Jena Faculty of Theology in 1847.

Appointed associate professor in 1850, but out of financial need still took the position of library assistant, which he did for almost 20 years, working four hours a day.

In 1854 he married his cousin Luise Woltersdorf (1826-1868); two sons and a daughter were born to the marriage.

She died in 1868 and after the year of mourning he married Louise Friederike Auguste Eugenie Zenker (1830-1909), the daughter of the late Professor of Natural Sciences Jonathan Karl Zenker (1799-1837). The marriage remained childless.
Eugenie inherited a large sum on the death of her uncle, Professor Dr. Gustav Zenker (1808-1875), who had run a boys' school on Frommann's estate, so that the Hilgenfeld family could buy the main house on the estate.
Later they bought the other houses in addition. At the time of the GDR, the estate was national property. After the reunification it was transferred back to the family. Via the heirs it came to the Free State of Thuringia and, after renovation, became the property of the Friedrich Schiller University in 1995.
Hilgenfeld died of a stroke on January 12, 1907.


© Gustav-Adolf Biewald/Hilmar Gudziol, gekürzt: Ch.Apfel

Christian Karl Louis Hufeld


Master court saddler

   * 02/10/1843 in Jena


  † 04.11.1908 in Jena





Christian Karl Louis Hufeld was the son of the court saddler Johann Ernst Carl Hufeld (1814 - 1880) and his wife Rosine Friederike Magdalene, née Jacob.


Johann Ernst Carl Hufeld delighted children at Christmas time with his Punch and Judy show.




On September 19, Karl Hufeld married Wilhelmine Caroline née Faust (1843-1916) in Ortenburg/Bayer. She was the daughter of the Ortenburg master weaver Carl Friedrich Faust and his deceased wife Christiane Wilhelmine née Hoffmann. A son, Carl Christian Ernst Hufeld (1872-1944) was born in the marriage. He married Minna née Franke (1880-1964) born in Arnstadt.


The family ran a saddlery and upholstery business at the corner of Rathausgasse and Leutrastraße.




On July 9, 1902, the publication of the Grand Ducal District Court of Jena states:


District Court of Jena states:


The upholsterer and decorator Carl Christian Ernst Hufeld in Jena has taken the place of the retired Carl Christian Louis Hufeld in Jena as owner. The transfer of the claims and liabilities arising from the operation of the business is excluded upon the acquisition of the business by the latter Hufeld.


Saddler is a profession of the leather processing trade, which is needed in the handling of animals - such as bridles, saddles, but today also equipment for cars and boats.

© Ch. Apfel



   Hermann Wilhelm Costenoble

    Publishing bookseller

                            * 20.03.1826 in Magdeburg

                            † 25.02.1901 in Jena


Hermann Wilhelm Costenoble was born in Magdeburg to Ludwig Wilhelm Costenoble, a pharmacist, and his wife Henriette, née Schrader. The Costenoble family is a Huguenot family.

After school, he completed an apprenticeship as a bookseller and, together with Gustav Remmelmann, took over a publishing bookshop in Leipzig in 1850, from which Remmelmann left in 1851. Costenoble moved his publishing bookshop to Jena in 1863 and bought a house at Grietgasse 10.

He received the necessary concession on 14.10.1863; on 26.10.1863 the local citizenship. He set up the publishing bookshop at Grietgasse 10, and later acquired the building at Grietgasse 11. In 1899, the Costenoble publishing house opened its own printing plant, but this did not last long.

With his first wife, Rosina Wilhelmine, née Betzold, born March 3, 1864, gesch. Zölfel, he lived here on the first floor of the house. She dies on 10.4.1864 in Jena.

His second marriage took place on July 11, 1865 in the church of Burgau with Auguste Marie, née Campe, the daughter of the lawyer, court actuary and notary at Reinstädt, Franz Eduard Campe and his wife Amalie, née Stern. Auguste Marie Campe was born on 27.5.1832 in Kahla.

Two sons and a daughter were born in the marriage.

After his death, his successor, son-in-law Dr. Richard Schröder, moved part of the publishing bookstore to Berlin, while the other part, whose owner was also Dr. Schröder until 1908, remained in Jena under the old company name.

© Ch. Apfel

Dietrich Georg Kieser (1779-1862)


Dietrich Georg Kieser was born on August 24, 1779 as son of pastor Christoph Ludwig Kieser and his wife Sophie Warmer in Harburg. After attending grammar school, he studied medicine in Göttingen from 1801, where he also received his doctorate in 1804. He then worked in Winsen an der Luhe and in Northeim as a general practitioner.

In 1812 Kieser accepted an appointment as an associate professor at the University of Jena. From 1813 he was also "Brunnenarzt" (spa doctor) in the Berka spa (today Bad Berka). Kieser worked as a military doctor in 1814/15 and then again at the university of Jena. Here he was appointed full professor of medicine in 1824.

From 1831 to 1848, Kieser was also a member and temporary Vice-President of the Landtag (state parliament) of Saxe-Weimar. He used his duties to get involved in improving the care of the mentally ill. In 1831 he founded a private surgical ophthalmic clinic, which he managed until 1847. After that he was director of the lunatic asylum in Jena until 1858. Between 1827 and 1848 Kieser also held the office of rector of the University of Jena several times. On his 75th birthday, the university of Jena awarded him an honorary doctorate.

Dietrich Georg Kieser had been married to Amalie Rosamunde Iphigenie Reil since 1821. The marriage produced several children.

From 1816 Kieser was also a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, which elected him president in 1858. He held this office until his death. He died in Jena on October 11, 1862.

© R. Seifert

Wilhelm Pitt (1862-1935)



Wilhelm Pitt was born in Wernigerode on October 9, 1862.

On the occasion of his 70th birthday, the city of Jena awarded him honorary citizenship on October 9, 1932, in recognition of his commitment to the city over a period of three decades and his ten years as an honorary alderman. Pitt had been a member of the Jena City Council without interruption from 1904 to 1922. Between 1914 and 1919 he was deputy chairman of the city council and from 1921 to 1922 its chairman. On October 19, 1922, he was elected honorary alderman. His responsibilities thus included the Municipal Brewery, whose board of directors he chaired for a long time.

Pitt was also a member of the board of trustees of the Marienhaus women's home under the administration of the Hauptfrauenverein zu Jena, as well as a member of the administrative committee of the "Stiftungssparkasse zu Jena von 1833" for around 24 years.

On his 70th birthday, after having worked selflessly in all municipal matters for three decades and having been an honorary alderman for 10 years, he received the honorary citizenship.

Wilhelm Pitt died in Jena on December 5, 1935.

His gravesite at Johannisfriedhof is one of those named in the honorary graves statutes of the city of Jena.  Pitt's life's work was honored in an obituary in the "Jenaische Zei-tung" of December 6, 1935. Since July 1945 there is also a Wilhelm-Pitt-Weg in Wenigenjena.

© R. Seifert, Ch. Apfel

Anna Haeckel, née Sethe

First wife of Ernst Haeckel

* 14.09.1835

† 18.02.1864

They knew each other from childhood, because they were cousins. Ernst Haeckel's mother and Anna's father were siblings. Anna's father was provincial director at Stettin. After his death, mother and daughter moved back to Berlin, where they met at family gatherings.

Haeckel studied medicine in Würzburg, but in May 1858 his teacher, anatomist Johannes Müller, died and Haeckel was disconsolate as his future was now uncertain.

Anna took great interest in his situation and they found that they were otherwise well suited to each other and became engaged.

Three weeks after the engagement, Haeckel traveled to Jena to take up a position at the university. The curator and colleagues were very doubtful about a marriage to a woman, seeing the danger that he would not devote himself fully to science. Anna strengthened his self-confidence, but the engagement still lasted four years. After three years he became a Privatdozent and was finally able financially to rent a bachelor apartment next to the Prinzessinengarten.

In May 1862 he was appointed professor of zoology and director museum

And on August 18, 1862, they were married in Berlin.

Back from their honeymoon, they moved into an apartment in Neugasse and spent many evenings in the company of academic families.

Anna fell ill with an infection in Jena during the second winter, which weakened her greatly. She suffered two relapses and died on her husband's 30th birthday.

Ernst Haeckel was completely broken and threw himself into work.

In 1867 Ernst Haeckel married Agnes Huschke, his late wife's friend.


Of the many lower marine animals he discovered, two bear the name Annas: Mitrocoma Annae and Desmonema Annasethe.

© Brigitte Jelke, gekürzt: Ch. Apfel

Hereditary burial of the families Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser master tailor  and

Carl August Johann Friedrich Rockser master butcher


The hereditary burial ground "At the southern wall of the old lower cemetery" was purchased in 1847 by master tailor Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser (1816-1884), son of master butcher Johann Georg Siegmund Rockser and his wife, Dorothea Johanne, née Beyer.

Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser was married to Magdalena, née Trockenbrod (1815-1879).


His brother, Carl August Friedrich Johann Rockser (1814-1879), learned the trade of butcher like his father, married Johanne Friederike Henriette, née Wiegand, widowed Dornbluth (1808-1887) and took over the butcher store of Eduard Dornbluth in Johannisstraße.


The following family members found their final resting place in this gravesite:

Master Tailor Carl Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser, (1816-1884) and his wife, Magdalena, née Trockebrod (1815-1879);

- Master butcher August Johann Friedrich Rockser (1814-1879) and his wife Johanne Friederike Henriette, née Wiegand,

   widowed Dornbluth and their children:

- Anna Laura Rockser (27.6.1884-08.08.1884),

- Ernst Rockser (19.02.1881-01.06.1881),

- Johannes Arthur Max Ludwig Rockser (1814-)

- Adelheid Johanne Caroline Wilhelmine (1841-1878)

- Gottfried Joseph Luis Moritz Hermann Rockser (1846-1909), master butcher and his wife, Reinholde, née Krämer


 - Master tailor Oscar Götze (†1880), a cousin.

 During the construction of today's "Straße des 17. Juni", in 1938, the bones were moved to the present location.

© Ch. Apfel

August Schleicher






* 19.02.1821 in Meiningen


† 06.12.1868 in Jena




His father was the medical officer Johann Gottlieb Schleicher (1793-1864) and his mother his first wife Henriette, née Heym († around 1835).


August grew up in Sonneberg, where he learned the Sonneberg dialect playing with other children.


In the grammar school Casimirianum Coburg he learned Greek, Latin and as a private pupil of the director Arabic, Sanskrit and Chinese.


In 1840 he wanted to study theology and oriental languages in Leipzig, but after one semester he changed to Tübingen, but also broke off his studies there and moved to Bonn to devote himself exclusively to linguistics and philosophy. Thus educated in many fields, he had a good basis for his future comparative linguistic studies.


However, he also learned the Polish, Czech and Russian languages. In January 1846 he received his doctorate in Bonn on the writings of the grammarian Varro (116 B.C.-27 B.C.), and in February of the same year he acquired a teaching license for all classes of a grammar school in the classical languages. Since no habilitation thesis was required in Bonn, he gave his inaugural lecture "On the Value of Language Comparison" as early as June 1846. Due to work overload, he had to take a leave of absence until the end of the year.


His student friend, Hereditary Prince Georg von Meinigen, obtained a scholarship of 400 pounds sterling for him and thus enabled Schleicher to continue his studies in Paris, Brussels and Vienna.


From 1850 Schleicher worked for three years in Prague as an associate professor and turned to Slavic languages, especially Lithuanian. Several publications were produced.


In January 1854 he married Fanny Strasburger, a merchant's daughter from Sonneberg, who was six years younger. The marriage produced three children, two sons and a daughter. The firstborn died shortly after birth.


In 1857, through the mediation of Seebeck, August Schleicher received an appointment as a full honorary professor at the University of Jena.


Schleicher was a passionate gymnast, botanist and gardener. He was a close friend of Haeckel.


Completely exhausted, Schleicher succumbed to severe pneumonia at the age of 47 on December 6, 1868.

© Maria Kozianka, gekürzt: Ch. Apfel