Adolf Bernhard Christoph Hilgenfeld


* 02.06.1823 in Stappenbeck

† 12.01.1907 in Jena


Adolf Bernhard Christoph Hilgenfeld was born as the oldest son in Stappenbeck/Altmark. His father was the local pastor, his mother the daughter of the school rector in Salzwedel. He grew up in a respectable Protestant environment.

His uncle and later father-in-law taught him in the grammar school in Salzwedel. After graduating from high school in 1841, he studied theology in Berlin according to his father's wishes, and there he came into contact with Hegel and Schleiermacher. Due to lack of money he continued his studies in Halle.

In 1945 he passed the final examination there and in May 1846 he defended his doctorate with the dissertation topic: "On Spinoza's System".

Hilgenfeld was perceived as stubborn and unfit for life by the people around him.

The University of Jena was considered the most intellectually free for theologians, so he went there and submitted his habilitation thesis to the Jena Faculty of Theology in 1847.

Appointed associate professor in 1850, but out of financial need still took the position of library assistant, which he did for almost 20 years, working four hours a day.

In 1854 he married his cousin Luise Woltersdorf (1826-1868); two sons and a daughter were born to the marriage.

She died in 1868 and after the year of mourning he married Louise Friederike Auguste Eugenie Zenker (1830-1909), the daughter of the late Professor of Natural Sciences Jonathan Karl Zenker (1799-1837). The marriage remained childless.
Eugenie inherited a large sum on the death of her uncle, Professor Dr. Gustav Zenker (1808-1875), who had run a boys' school on Frommann's estate, so that the Hilgenfeld family could buy the main house on the estate.
Later they bought the other houses in addition. At the time of the GDR, the estate was national property. After the reunification it was transferred back to the family. Via the heirs it came to the Free State of Thuringia and, after renovation, became the property of the Friedrich Schiller University in 1995.
Hilgenfeld died of a stroke on January 12, 1907.

© Gustav-Adolf Biewald/Hilmar Gudziol, gekürzt: Ch.Apfel

Friedrich Gustav Zenker (1808-1875)

Theologian and Educator


Friedrich Gustav Zenker was born on 30 November 1808 in Sundremda as the youngest son of the pastor Johann Friedrich Carl Zenker and his wife Johanna Friederike Henriette, née Hartzer. He was initially taught at home by his father before moving to the grammar school in Weimar. In 1824 he enrolled as a theology student at the University of Jena, where he also received his doctorate in 1834 at the Faculty of Philosophy.


Zenker had already become increasingly interested in education during his studies in Jena. He therefore applied for permission to establish a private educational institution. On 1 July 1834, the “Zenker Institute” in Jena opened with eight pupils. The steadily increasing number of pupils meant that the educational establishment had to move several times, and from 1844 it was located on Fürstengraben in the former Fromman estate. Zenker was not only director of the institute but also taught himself.

Since the spring of 1875 he suffered from health problems, which were exacerbated by a stroke in April of the same year. A subsequent stay at a health resort in Kiel did not lead to any improvement. As a result of a second stroke in September 1875, he resigned from the management of his institution. The unmarried and childless educator died in Jena on the evening of 30 December 1875 at the age of 67 as a result of another stroke. He was buried on 2 January 1876 with great sympathy from the people of Jena.

© R. Seifert

Christian Karl Louis Hufeld

 Master court saddler

   * 02/10/1843 in Jena

                      † 04.11.1908 in Jena

Christian Karl Louis Hufeld was the son of the court saddler Johann Ernst Carl Hufeld (1814 - 1880) and his wife Rosine Friederike Magdalene, née Jacob.

Johann Ernst Carl Hufeld delighted children at Christmas time with his Punch and Judy show.

On September 19, Karl Hufeld married Wilhelmine Caroline née Faust (1843-1916) in Ortenburg/Bayer. She was the daughter of the Ortenburg master weaver Carl Friedrich Faust and his deceased wife Christiane Wilhelmine née Hoffmann. A son, Carl Christian Ernst Hufeld (1872-1944) was born in the marriage. He married Minna née Franke (1880-1964) born in Arnstadt.

The family ran a saddlery and upholstery business at the corner of Rathausgasse and Leutrastraße.

On July 9, 1902, the publication of the Grand Ducal District Court of Jena states:

District Court of Jena states:

The upholsterer and decorator Carl Christian Ernst Hufeld in Jena has taken the place of the retired Carl Christian Louis Hufeld in Jena as owner. The transfer of the claims and liabilities arising from the operation of the business is excluded upon the acquisition of the business by the latter Hufeld.

Saddler is a profession of the leather processing trade, which is needed in the handling of animals - such as bridles, saddles, but today also equipment for cars and boats.

© Ch. Apfel


   Hermann Wilhelm Costenoble

    Publishing bookseller

                            * 20.03.1826 in Magdeburg

                            † 25.02.1901 in Jena


Hermann Wilhelm Costenoble was born in Magdeburg to Ludwig Wilhelm Costenoble, a pharmacist, and his wife Henriette, née Schrader. The Costenoble family is a Huguenot family.

After school, he completed an apprenticeship as a bookseller and, together with Gustav Remmelmann, took over a publishing bookshop in Leipzig in 1850, from which Remmelmann left in 1851. Costenoble moved his publishing bookshop to Jena in 1863 and bought a house at Grietgasse 10.

He received the necessary concession on 14.10.1863; on 26.10.1863 the local citizenship. He set up the publishing bookshop at Grietgasse 10, and later acquired the building at Grietgasse 11. In 1899, the Costenoble publishing house opened its own printing plant, but this did not last long.

With his first wife, Rosina Wilhelmine, née Betzold, born March 3, 1864, gesch. Zölfel, he lived here on the first floor of the house. She dies on 10.4.1864 in Jena.

His second marriage took place on July 11, 1865 in the church of Burgau with Auguste Marie, née Campe, the daughter of the lawyer, court actuary and notary at Reinstädt, Franz Eduard Campe and his wife Amalie, née Stern. Auguste Marie Campe was born on 27.5.1832 in Kahla.

Two sons and a daughter were born in the marriage.

After his death, his successor, son-in-law Dr. Richard Schröder, moved part of the publishing bookstore to Berlin, while the other part, whose owner was also Dr. Schröder until 1908, remained in Jena under the old company name.

© Ch. Apfel

Dietrich Georg Kieser (1779-1862)



Dietrich Georg Kieser was born on 24 August 1779 in Harburg as son of the pastor Christoph Ludwig Kieser (1742-1831) and his wife Sophia Friedrika, née Warmers (1745-1817). He first attended grammar school in Lüneburg and then, from 1801, studied medicine in Würzburg and Göttingen. He also received his doctorate in Göttingen on 14 April 1804.


From 1804 he was a general practitioner in Winsen an der Luhe, from 1806 in Northeim. In 1812, he accepted an appointment as associate professor at the University of Jena. From 1813, he also worked as a spa doctor in Berka/Ilm (now Bad Berka). Kieser took part in the Wars of Liberation in 1814/15 as a volunteer. He was given the rank of colonel surgeon in the Prussian army and he became head of the military hospitals in Liège. After his return to Jena, he supported the fraternity (Burschenschaft )and also took part in the Wartburg Festival in 1817.

In Jena, Kieser became a full honorary professor in 1818 and a full professor of medicine in 1824. Kieser also held the office of Rector of the University of Jena several times between 1827 and 1848.

In addition to his work at the University of Jena, Kieser founded a private surgical ophthalmological clinic in 1831, which he ran until 1847. From 1847 to 1858, he was director of the lunatic asylum, sanatorium and nursing home in Jena. He also ran the Sophronisterium, a private clinic for the mentally ill, in Jena.

On the day of his 50th doctoral anniversary, 14 April 1854, the University of Jena awarded him an honorary doctorate in recognition of his services.

Kieser had been a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina since 1816. In 1858, he was elected President of the Leopoldina for life.

In later years, Kieser also became politically active. Between 1831 and 1848, he was a representative of the university in the state parliament of Saxony-Weimar, from 1844 as its vice president. As a member of the state parliament, he campaigned for the school and parish system and achieved, among other things, an increase in funding for Jena University. He also used his offices to campaign for better care for the mentally ill.


In 1821, Kieser married the daughter of the medical professor Reil, Amalie Reil (1798-1872), in Halle. The marriage resulted in three daughters.


Dietrich Georg Kieser died in Jena on 11 October 1862. He had been elevated to the personal nobility in the same year.

 © R. Seifert

Wilhelm Pitt (1862-1935)



Wilhelm Pitt was born in Wernigerode on October 9, 1862.

On the occasion of his 70th birthday, the city of Jena awarded him honorary citizenship on October 9, 1932, in recognition of his commitment to the city over a period of three decades and his ten years as an honorary alderman. Pitt had been a member of the Jena City Council without interruption from 1904 to 1922. Between 1914 and 1919 he was deputy chairman of the city council and from 1921 to 1922 its chairman. On October 19, 1922, he was elected honorary alderman. His responsibilities thus included the Municipal Brewery, whose board of directors he chaired for a long time.

Pitt was also a member of the board of trustees of the Marienhaus women's home under the administration of the Hauptfrauenverein zu Jena, as well as a member of the administrative committee of the "Stiftungssparkasse zu Jena von 1833" for around 24 years.

On his 70th birthday, after having worked selflessly in all municipal matters for three decades and having been an honorary alderman for 10 years, he received the honorary citizenship.

Wilhelm Pitt died in Jena on December 5, 1935.

His gravesite at Johannisfriedhof is one of those named in the honorary graves statutes of the city of Jena.  Pitt's life's work was honored in an obituary in the "Jenaische Zei-tung" of December 6, 1935. Since July 1945 there is also a Wilhelm-Pitt-Weg in Wenigenjena.

© R. Seifert, Ch. Apfel

Anna Haeckel, née Sethe

First wife of Ernst Haeckel

* 14.09.1835

† 18.02.1864

They knew each other from childhood, because they were cousins. Ernst Haeckel's mother and Anna's father were siblings. Anna's father was provincial director at Stettin. After his death, mother and daughter moved back to Berlin, where they met at family gatherings.

Haeckel studied medicine in Würzburg, but in May 1858 his teacher, anatomist Johannes Müller, died and Haeckel was disconsolate as his future was now uncertain.

Anna took great interest in his situation and they found that they were otherwise well suited to each other and became engaged.

Three weeks after the engagement, Haeckel traveled to Jena to take up a position at the university. The curator and colleagues were very doubtful about a marriage to a woman, seeing the danger that he would not devote himself fully to science. Anna strengthened his self-confidence, but the engagement still lasted four years. After three years he became a Privatdozent and was finally able financially to rent a bachelor apartment next to the Prinzessinengarten.

In May 1862 he was appointed professor of zoology and director museum

And on August 18, 1862, they were married in Berlin.

Back from their honeymoon, they moved into an apartment in Neugasse and spent many evenings in the company of academic families.

Anna fell ill with an infection in Jena during the second winter, which weakened her greatly. She suffered two relapses and died on her husband's 30th birthday.

Ernst Haeckel was completely broken and threw himself into work.

In 1867 Ernst Haeckel married Agnes Huschke, his late wife's friend.


Of the many lower marine animals he discovered, two bear the name Annas: Mitrocoma Annae and Desmonema Annasethe.

© Brigitte Jelke, gekürzt: Ch. Apfel

Carl/Karl Hermann Scheidler (1795-1866)


Philosopher and Political Scientist



Karl Hermann Scheidler was born on 8 January 1795 in Gotha into a family of musicians. His father, Johann David Scheidler (1748-1802), was a cellist in the court orchestra, and his mother, Sophie Elisabeth Susanne, née Preyßing (1757–1821), was a concert singer. In Gotha, Scheidler attended the Ernestinum grammar school from 1805 and passed his Abitur there. He later took part in the liberation wars of 1813/14 as a volunteer in the Lützow Freikorps.


On 2 June 1814 Scheidler enrolled at the University of Jena as a student of law and philosophy. In Jena he also joined the Landsmannschaft Thuringia. In June 1815, the Jena Landsmannschaft disbanded and founded the fraternity (Burschenschaft). Scheidler was one of the founders of the new fraternity and is therefore considered a co-founder of the original fraternity (Urburschenschaft) . He was also the first bearer of the boys' sword, which he carried in front of the boys' procession to the Wartburg at the Wartburg Festival on 18 October 1817.


From 1816 Scheidler continued his studies in Berlin. In 1818 he entered the Prussian judicial service at the Naumburg Higher Regional Court. Since 1821 he was back in Jena, where he received his doctorate from the university on 14 May 1821 and at the same time taught as a private lecturer. From 1826 he was an associate professor and from 1836 a full honorary professor of philosophy. Scheidler was also the editor of the „Jenaische Blätter für Geschichte und Reform des Deutschen Universitätswesens, insbesondere des Studentenlebens“.


Scheidler had been married to Henriette Amalie Spener (1799-1884) from Frankfurt/Main since June 1838. The marriage resulted in two daughters. He died on 22 October 1866 in Jena. In 1906 a street in Jena was named after him (Scheidlerstrasse).

© R. Seifert


Hereditary burial of the families Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser master tailor  and

Carl August Johann Friedrich Rockser master butcher


The hereditary burial ground "At the southern wall of the old lower cemetery" was purchased in 1847 by master tailor Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser (1816-1884), son of master butcher Johann Georg Siegmund Rockser and his wife, Dorothea Johanne, née Beyer.

Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser was married to Magdalena, née Trockenbrod (1815-1879).


His brother, Carl August Friedrich Johann Rockser (1814-1879), learned the trade of butcher like his father, married Johanne Friederike Henriette, née Wiegand, widowed Dornbluth (1808-1887) and took over the butcher store of Eduard Dornbluth in Johannisstraße.


The following family members found their final resting place in this gravesite:

Master Tailor Carl Adolph Johann Friedrich Rockser, (1816-1884) and his wife, Magdalena, née Trockebrod (1815-1879);

- Master butcher August Johann Friedrich Rockser (1814-1879) and his wife Johanne Friederike Henriette, née Wiegand,

   widowed Dornbluth and their children:

- Anna Laura Rockser (27.6.1884-08.08.1884),

- Ernst Rockser (19.02.1881-01.06.1881),

- Johannes Arthur Max Ludwig Rockser (1814-)

- Adelheid Johanne Caroline Wilhelmine (1841-1878)

- Gottfried Joseph Luis Moritz Hermann Rockser (1846-1909), master butcher and his wife, Reinholde, née Krämer


 - Master tailor Oscar Götze (†1880), a cousin.

 During the construction of today's "Straße des 17. Juni", in 1938, the bones were moved to the present location.

© Ch. Apfel

August Schleicher


* 19.02.1821 in Meiningen

† 06.12.1868 in Jena


His father was the medical officer Johann Gottlieb Schleicher (1793-1864) and his mother his first wife Henriette, née Heym († around 1835).

August grew up in Sonneberg, where he learned the Sonneberg dialect playing with other children.

In the grammar school Casimirianum Coburg he learned Greek, Latin and as a private pupil of the director Arabic, Sanskrit and Chinese.

In 1840 he wanted to study theology and oriental languages in Leipzig, but after one semester he changed to Tübingen, but also broke off his studies there and moved to Bonn to devote himself exclusively to linguistics and philosophy. Thus educated in many fields, he had a good basis for his future comparative linguistic studies.

However, he also learned the Polish, Czech and Russian languages. In January 1846 he received his doctorate in Bonn on the writings of the grammarian Varro (116 B.C.-27 B.C.), and in February of the same year he acquired a teaching license for all classes of a grammar school in the classical languages. Since no habilitation thesis was required in Bonn, he gave his inaugural lecture "On the Value of Language Comparison" as early as June 1846. Due to work overload, he had to take a leave of absence until the end of the year.

His student friend, Hereditary Prince Georg von Meinigen, obtained a scholarship of 400 pounds sterling for him and thus enabled Schleicher to continue his studies in Paris, Brussels and Vienna.

From 1850 Schleicher worked for three years in Prague as an associate professor and turned to Slavic languages, especially Lithuanian. Several publications were produced.

In January 1854 he married Fanny Strasburger, a merchant's daughter from Sonneberg, who was six years younger. The marriage produced three children, two sons and a daughter. The firstborn died shortly after birth.

In 1857, through the mediation of Seebeck, August Schleicher received an appointment as a full honorary professor at the University of Jena.

Schleicher was a passionate gymnast, botanist and gardener. He was a close friend of Haeckel.

Completely exhausted, Schleicher succumbed to severe pneumonia at the age of 47 on December 6, 1868.

© Maria Kozianka, gekürzt: Ch. Apfel