Erbbegräbnis der Familie

Prof. Dr. Emil Huschke

* 14.12.1797 in Weimar

† 19.06.1858 in Jena


Emil Huschke was born as the second son of the Weimar court physician Wilhelm Ernst Christian Huschke and his wife Christiane, who was 14 years younger.

He attended grammar school in Weimar and began studying medicine in Jena in 1814. He joined the Urburschenschaft and participated in the Wartburg Festival of Protestant Universities in 1817. In 1818 he submitted his inaugural dissertation to the medical faculty.

In 1820, after various travels, he returned to the University of Jena as the youngest lecturer ever appointed and remained here until his death. His studies dealt with comparative anatomy.

His special esteem by the Grand Duke Carl Friedrich of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach and his wife Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna is evident in the award of the titles Hofrat (1836) and Geheimer Hofrat (1845/46).

Emil Huschke marries Emma Rostosky from Bonnrode, who is twelve years younger. Together they had six children.

Emil Huschke died of encephalitis on June 19, 1858.

Buried in the family grave are his wife Emma (1802-1880), their daughters Clara Huschke (1840-1893), Agnes Haeckel, née Huschke (1842-1915), Otto Huschke (1832-1915) and the youngest daughter of Agnes and Ernst Haeckel, Emma Haeckel (1873-1946).

© Hilmar Gudziol, gekürzt: Ch. Apfel

   Johann Probst

   * 23.10.1642 in Zwenka(u) bei Leipzig

† 20.05.1704 in Jena



Johann Probst first mention, also with his birthplace is recorded in the Jena church book weddings:

 "Mr. Johann Probst, princely Saxon. In vormundschaft appointed Renthmeister allhier,

Hn. Johann Probsten, former pastor and pastoral caretaker at Zwenka, his surviving son, and his daughter Sophie Chemnitin, Christiani Chemnitii, ss. Theol. D. and Prof. Publ. As well as well-deserved Superintendentis allhier Sel. bequeathed Ehel. daughter".

Everything else about his family is in the gravestone inscription:

In this hereditary grave

nis rests in God weyland Titt.

Mr. Johann Probst born A. 1642

23. octob. Initially well-deserved Renthmeister all-

here, also at Arnstadt and Römhild, but finally High Saxon.

Saxon chamber consultant, he held that office for several 20 years, this one for only 6.

but only 6 years, because he died in 1704, the 20th of May.

His most beloved spouse was Mrs. Sophia drilled

Chemnitiin, of the highly famous D. Christian Chemnitii Prof. Theolog.

Ord. Et Superint. alhier most beloved daughter, born A. 1659, den 10. May,

copulated 1681. 31. Octob. D. 1722 the 19th of June. From this desired

desired marriage are: 1.) Johann Christian, born 1682, d. 6. Nov.

d. A. 1690 d. 20. Sept. and buried here at this stone, 2. ) Dorothea

Sophia, married Winklerin, b. 1685 d. 23. May d. A. 1710 d. 5. May

From this was born a little daughter Wilhelmina Sophia Winklerin

A 1710 d. 2. May on the same day died and next to the mother all-

buried there. 3. Friedrich Gottlieb born 1692 d. 6. Jul. died at Römhild A.

1608 d. 21. Apr. where he is also buried in the collegiate church. 4.

Johann Reinhard Rus, P.P.O. died 1722 d. elf. April after

who begat Johannen Sophien b. 1718 d. 6. Jan.

Wilhelm Gottlieb b. 1719 d. 27 Feb. d. 1719 d.

Sept. 8. Sophien Hedwig b. 1720 d. 26.

Julyi. Johannen Christinen b.

1721 d. Oct. 4 d. Jan. 1, 1723

 The daughters of Prof. Dr. theol. Johann Reinhard Rus and his wife, Johanna Maria, née Probst, married brothers:

 Christine Sophien married the Saxon. Eisenachischen Hofadvokaten Dr. theol. Johann Adolph Wihelm von Gohren, a son of the pastor of the Michaeliskirche in Hamburg and the sister Hedwig Sophie was since 03.05.1745 the first wife of the preacher of the Garnisionskirche Jena, Christian Nicolaus Huldreich von Gohren.

© Ch.Apfel

Heinrich Luden (1778-1847)



The history professor Heinrich Luden is one of the impressive personalities of the Alma Mater Jenensis.

 His grave on the south-east side of the St. John's Church in Jena, the gravestone inscribed "Erbbegräbnis der Familie Luden" (hereditary burial of the Luden family) embedded in the wall.

Heinrich Luden was born on April 10, 1778 in Loxstedt in the former Duchy of Bremen, the youngest child of five children in the family.

Heinrich Luden's parents were Claus Luden, a tree man, and his wife Catrine, née Luden. The parents were cousins. The occupational title "Baumann" identifies him as a prosperous farmer.

His father died of pleurisy on May 3, 1780, when Heinrich was only two years old. After one year the mother marries Heinrich's godfather, the Baumann Hinrich Schmidt.

Heinrich Luden writes his curriculum vitae in Latin in 1803. It provides information about his educational background. After elementary school, he transferred to the Dom-Gymnasium in Bremen in 1796. After only three years he obtained the university entrance qualification and in 1799 moved to the University of Göttingen to study theology.

Other subjects he studied were the languages and culture of classical antiquity, philosophy and philology, as well as various history and even mathematical lectures. As early as Easter 1802, he completed his theology studies by passing the candidate examination.

As was customary at the time, he accepted a position as a tutor in the family of a noble lady in the Duchy of Bremen. There he also met his future wife Johanna Sophie Catharina Köhler from Celle, who was employed as a tutor for the daughters of the house. Since the position as a house teacher did not satisfy him very much, he decided to move to Berlin. Even before the change of residence, he married Johanna Köhler in Achim near Celle on October 4, 1803.

The position in Berlin was also a house teacher position with the well-known medicine professor Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland (1762-1836). Despite heavy demands, Luden also tried to work scientifically and the biography "Christian Thomasius, nach seinen Schicksalen und Schriften" was written. For this he received a doctorate from the University of Jena. In 1806 he went to Göttingen to complete a biography of Hugo Grotius (1583-1645).

In Göttingen he received the Jena doctoral diploma and a letter from Professor Heinrich Karl Abraham Eichstädt (1772-1848) informing him that there was a prospect of an associate professorship for him in Jena.

On August 5, 1806, he was sworn in at the University of Jena and rented an apartment. In October 1806, after the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt, he returned to Jena with his wife and daughter Dorothea, the apartment was ransacked. The marriage produced 10 children.

Due to the war, there was a lack of students and professors in Jena and thus there were few fees. The annual income was also low. This changed in 18108 when he was appointed to the full professorship of history and at the same time was appointed Hofrath. He founded the political monthly "Nemesis" and was close friends with the publisher and printer Friedrich Alexander Bran, an enemy of the French.

He died after several strokes on May 23, 1847.

© Traugott Keßler, gekürzt: Ch.Apfel

Dr. Jacob Friedrich Fries

* 23.08.1773 in Barby

† 10.08.1843 in Jena


Fries is considered the last important representative of the philosophical direction of classical German idealism, which was founded by Imanuel Kant.

Friedrich Jacob Fries came from a family of lower nobility. Ancestors impoverished by wars and discarded the title of nobility.

His father, Peter Konrad Fries, a theologian, met Count Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf in 1757 and joined the Herrnhut Brethren congregation, whose pietistic theology impressed him. In the 1763 with Christiane Sophie Jäschke (born 1738) in the Herrnhut community was born as the first son on 23.08.1773 Jacob Friedrich Fries. At the age of five Jacob Friedrich was enrolled in the Pädagogium of the Brüdergemeinde, a boarding school in Niesky near Görlitz. The often weak and sickly boy suffered from the separation from his family, but also developed the ability to make his own decisions. In 1783 his father died.

He continued his education in the theological seminary of the Brethren congregation in Niesky. He began to study philosophy in Jena in 1796. Because of financial difficulties, however, he accepted a position as a tutor in Switzerland, using any free time for his own literary work.

When his mother died in 1799 and he received a small inheritance, he was able to end his unloved life as a teacher. In 1800 he returned to Jena, where he bought a house with a garden on the Nonnenplan.

In February 1801, Fries was awarded a doctorate in philosophy.  After his years of travel in 1803/04, he received a professorship in Jena in early 1805, but moved to a better-paid position at the University of Heidelberg.

On April 22, 1806, he married Caroline Erdmann from Allstedt. Seven children were born to the couple in Heidelberg, five girls and two boys.

In 1806, shortly before the Battle of Jena Auerstedt, Fries was able to sell his house in Jena.

In 1812 Fries took over the professorship of physics in Heidelberg and in 1813 he was appointed prorector.

When many students left the University of Heidelberg because of the wars of liberation, he applied in Jena and returned to Jena and the University in 1816. On July 30, 1816, the Grand Duke Carl August of Saxony-Weimar awarded him the title of Court Councillor. He participated in the 1817 Wartburg Festival as one of the leaders.

On 22.1January 1819 his wife Caroline died of nervous fever and his widowed sister took care of the family.

In 1819 Karl Sand (1795-1820), a student of Fries, murdered August Kotzebue (1761-1819). In order not to have to dismiss Fries due to pressure from the confederation, the grand duke approved a temporary transfer to Bad Salzungen.

In 1820, on February 15, he married Eleonora Amalia Charlotte Leporin (1780-1842) in the Brüdergemeinde Neudietendorf. The marriage remained childless.

From 1822 he was given the professorship of mathematics and physics. It was not until 1837 that all restrictions on Fries were lifted again.

On June 29, 1837, he suffered his first stroke which was followed by two more.

His second wife died on July 3, 1842, and Jacob Heinrich Gries died on August 10, 1843.

© Tr. Keßler, gekürzt: Ch. Apfel

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Treunert

* 27.01.1797 in Jena

† 01.07.1860 in Jena

Local poet


His grandfather, Friedrich August Treunert, came from the Saalfeld area. He was a partner in copper ore mines in the Könitz area. Presumably, he met his future wife Christiana Eleonora, née von Bardeleben, whose family was landowners in Steinsdorf near Weida. Due to disputes in accounting matters with his partner Hofrat Schwarz from Rudolstadt, he left Könitz and came to Jena as a gold and silversmith.

Only in Jena, on 28.6.1773 Friedrich August and Christiana Eleonora married in front of the "Consistorio", at that time the daughter Johanna Maria Catharina, the later poet Johann Heinrich Treunert's mother, was already two years old. At the age of 20, she lost her father, who died of debilitation in 1792. Now Johanna Maria Catharina Treunert had to provide for the family and worked as a student trainee. It can be assumed that the father of Johann Heinrich Wilhelm, born on 28.1.1797, had been a student.

In 1799 the grandmother died. In 1802 Johanna Maria gives birth to another illegitimate child.

In 1806 the nine-year-old Johann Heinrich Wilhelm spends the war days in Ziegenhain. Since most students and many professors had left Jena because of the war events, Johanna had to look for another source of income. She kept house with the widowed book printer Carl Wilhelm Theodor Joch from Jena, and gave birth to three more children out of wedlock. It was not until 1818 that he married her and legitimized the three children they had together. In 1820, the sixth child was born. Already on May 27, 1821, Johann Heinrich Treunert's mother dies of encephalitis.

It can be imagined that under these circumstances money was always scarce. The mother taught Johann Heinrich Wilhelm reading, writing and arithmetic herself until 1807. Only then did the ten-year-old start attending the municipal school. Because of his poetic talent the teacher encouraged him, took Johann Heinrich as a servant in his house, as a pupil in his private educational institution and in 1813 to the grammar school in Hildburghausen.

As early as 1814, he learned the trade of printer in his stepfather's book printing shop and produced commissioned poems for christenings, weddings and similar occasions or described the landscape around Jena.

In 1815 he volunteered in Jena as a soldier in the Weimar Jägerbataillon. After the final end of the Napoleonic Wars, Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Treunert took his leave from the army and was awarded the medal of merit "Den Treuen Kriegern" by the Grand Duke. He returned to work for his stepfather and created occasional poems; he was once again the "town poet of Jena."

In 1821 he married Charlotte Sophia Christian Schönfeld. The marriage was not happy, his wife soon left him.

In 1845 he became municipal market and town constable.

After a long period of infirmity due to an operation, he died, childless, on July 1, 1860 in Jena.

© Ch. Apfel

Johann Martin Neuberger (1648-1678)



Johann Martin Neuberger was born in 1648 as son of the later mayor of Jena, Christoph Neuberger, and his wife Maria, née Beyer. He was a syndic and adviser to the town council and acquired a doctorate in law from the University of Jena in 1674. Neuberger died in Jena on March 30, 1678. He left behind his wife Clara Sophia, née Strauch, who also lost her son Georg Wilhelm, who died in Jena on April 11, 1678, only a few weeks after the death of her husband.

Johann Martin Neuberger's mother, Maria, also died in Jena, just a few weeks before her son, on March 12, 1678. Her husband Christoph had to mourn the death of his wife, son and grandson within a few weeks. Only a year and a half earlier he had already lost his eldest son, the city physician and doctor of medicine Johann Christoph Neuberger, who had died in Jena on October 16, 1676.

© R. Seifert

Carl Heinrich Albert Hinkler (1810-1874)



Bookbinder Carl Heinrich Albert Hinkler died after a long and serious illness on September 26, 1874, shortly after his 64th birthday. His widow Wilhelmine Friedrike Amalie Hinkler, née Grellmann (1816-1894), survived her husband by 20 years. She died in Jena on November 3, 1894. The Hinkler family lived in Jena on Leutrastrasse.

© R. Seifert

Barbara Büttichen, actually Barbara Büttich (1625-1704)

Wife of legal practitioner Johann Caspar Büttich


Barbara Büttich was born on 8 September 1625 as daughter of the Jena fencing master Wilhelm Kreussler (1597-1673) and his wife Catharina, née Weischner. She was the granddaughter of the well-known bookbinder and university librarian Lukas Weischner (1550/1555-1609).

Barbara married legal practitioner Johann Caspar Büttich, whose father had been a tax collector in Kapellendorf, on 1 November 1658 in Jena. The marriage resulted in three sons and a daughter. Barbara Büttich remained unmarried after the early death of her husband and died in Jena on 10 February 1704 at the age of 78.

The name Barbara Büttichen is inscribed on her memorial stone in Jena's Johannis Cemetery. However, her actual surname was Büttich. At the time, it was not uncommon to add the suffix "in" or "en" to female surnames. Her birth name is also written on the stone as Kreusslerin.

© R. Seifert

Ernst Sigismund Mirbt (1799-1847)

Professor of Philosophy


Ernst Sigismund Mirbt was born on 7 December 1799 in Ober-Peilau (today: Piława Górna) as son of the weaving and calico printing shop owner Johann Gottlieb Siegmund Mirbt (1769-1853) and his wife Johanne Renate, née Schmatzler (1774-1825). Mirbt initially attended the village school here before moving to the educational centre of the Moravian Church in Gnadenfeld (today: Pawłowiczki) in 1809. He was able to attend this school thanks to his parents' contacts with the Moravian Church of Gnadenfrei in Ober-Peilau. As Mirbt initially aspired to a clerical career, he also attended the theological seminary of the Moravian Church in Gnadenfeld and later studied in Bonn and Göttingen. He then returned to his former school as a teacher.


On 18 April 1826, Mirbt enrolled at the University of Jena, where he received his doctorate from the Faculty of Philosophy on 21 December 1829 and became a private lecturer in 1832. He was appointed associate professor in 1836.


Ernst Sigismund Mirbt drowned at around 6 o'clock on the morning of 20 July 1847 while bathing in the river Saale. Mirbt, who had remained unmarried, was buried in Jena the next day.


© R. Seifert


Married couple Andreas Schrot

               † 29.10.1594 

and Katharina Schrot


On the front a crucifix in bas-relief, on the left the deceased, on the right his wife kneels.

A small Renaissance tomb, the location according to Dr. Herbert Koch 1911 already in this place.

On the front a crucifix in bas-relief, on the left the deceased, on the right kneels his wife.

The couple is depicted in contemporary costume, she with chin bandage and hood, he with Stuart collar, cape and knee breeches.

According to Lehfeldt on the reverse an inscription:


© Ch. Apfel